The beginning of winter, friends. And with it the onset of colds, infections, ODS, sore throats, temperatures ... And, often, to get back on track and return to a full life, we resort to "heavy artillery." Based on our own considerations and knowledge in medicine and pharmacology, we decide that it will be better for us. But with what consequences?

   The very first antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered back in 1928. From this moment the medicine has reached a whole new level. It is difficult to imagine, but still literally 100 years ago, when mankind did not know about antibiotics, infectious diseases regularly assumed the scale of epidemics, destroying the population of entire continents. It is for this reason that the average life expectancy at that time was no more than 30 years. But is everything so rosy?

   Everyone knows that many infectious diseases are treated with antibiotics, but some of us have not even heard of the harmful effects of such medications on the human body. The fact is that in addition to pathogenic microorganisms, antibiotics also affect the natural microflora. For example, if they get into the stomach, they are able to destroy its microflora in a matter of hours, and this will come not only to digestive disorders (dysbiosis), but to other dangerous consequences, among which weakening of immunity. If the medicine has got on the chemist's shelf, then it certainly passed the clinical testing and all the necessary tests. But even this does not mean that it is absolutely safe for the body. Each of us has our own physiological characteristics, and the side effects from taking antibiotics will be very difficult to predict.

   The most common ones are:

   1. Allergic reaction. After consuming antibiotics, a rash or itching may appear on the body. Most often this leads to uncontrolled reception of cephalosporins, beta-lactans and penicillins.

   2. Intoxication. The liver suffers from antibiotics. It is she who cleans the blood of poisons, toxins and helps to remove from the body the remains of medications. Toxic to the liver affect the drugs tetracycline group. In addition to the liver, the kidneys are affected. For them, aminoglycosides, polymeksins and some of the cephalosporins are dangerous.

   3. Problems with immunity. It is necessary to understand that immunity is the protective forces of our body, preventing the multiplication of bacteria and viruses. Immunity is severely affected by prolonged use of antibiotics, especially tetracyclines and levomycetin.

   4. The defeat of the auditory nerve. Antibiotics aminoglycosides can lead to partial or even complete loss of hearing.

   When should you not take antibiotics?

   Despite the fact that many antibiotics are dispensed in a pharmacy without a prescription, they should be taken only as prescribed by the doctor. Only he can choose the optimal drug, and will calculate the correct dosage. It is important to understand that antibiotics are not a panacea for all diseases.

   Their use is useless in such cases:

   1. Viral diseases. Antibiotics can not cure the flu or ARVI (cold). They not only do not act on viruses, but also reduce immunity, which makes the body virtually impotent against the disease.

   2. Diarrhea (upset stomach). Antibiotics cause dysbacteriosis, the consequence of which is diarrhea. Sometimes in the treatment of the intestinal tract, such drugs are used, but before their appointment, the doctor must accurately diagnose which pathogenic organism causes the disease.

   3. Increased fever, cough, migraine. Antibiotic is not an antipyretic, it does not anesthetize and does not cause a cough. Temperature and cough are a symptom of the disease and for its treatment it is necessary to understand what pathologies, bacteria or viruses it is caused by.

   Antibiotics are a powerful medicine that saves millions of lives every day. But make sure that their reception is vital in your case! Do not self-medicate and go to the hospital for diagnosis at the first symptoms!